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Event capabilities

Event capabilities allow components receive or offer events under the scope of a particular realm.

Components that wish to listen for events should also have at least one of these protocols routed to them:

At the moment, events can only originate from the framework itself and are limited to lifecycle events. Refer to fuchsia.sys2.EventType for the complete list of supported events and their explanations.

Event filters

Most event declarations consist of only the event name. However, some of them may contain filters. Event filters support filtering events based on additional parameters defined in a key-value mapping.

These filters can be routed as subsets. For example, let's say component A offers an event foo with filters x: [/a, /b, /c]. A component B might route this event using only a subset of filters x: [/b, /c] and a component C could use this event using a single filter x: /b.

For example, the capability_ready event defines a filter for the path. The path is one or more paths exposed to framework that the component is interested in offering or listening to.

Offering events

Events may be offered to children. For example, a component wishing to expose started, stopped and capability_ready to a child of itself could do the following:

{
    offer: [
        {
            event: [
                "started",
                "stopped",
            ],
            from: "parent",
            to: [ "#child" ],
        },
        {
            event: "capability_ready",
            from: "parent",
            as: "foo_bar_ready",
            filter: { path: [ "/foo", "/bar"] },
            to: [ "#child" ],
        }
    ]
}

Events can be offered from two sources:

  • parent: A component that was offered an event (started for example) can offer this same event from its parent. The scope of the offered event will be the same scope of the started event that the component was offered.

  • framework: A component can also offer an event that its parent didn't offer to it. The scope of this event will be the component's realm itself and all its descendants.

Using events

A component that wants to receive events declares in its manifest the events it is interested in and the EventSource protocol. Both the protocol and the events should be offered to the component.

Events can come from two sources:

  • framework: events used from framework are scoped to the component using them. For example, given a topology A -> B -> C where A is the parent of B and B of C. Suppose that B uses started from framework. B will be able to see when C starts but it won't be able to see when a sibling of itself (another child of A) starts.

  • parent: events used from the parent have been offered by the parent and are scoped to the parent's scope. For example, given a topology A -> B -> C where A is the parent of B and B of C. Suppose that A offers started to B and B uses started from parent. B will be able to see when C starts but it will also be able to see when a sibling of itself (a child of A) starts.

For example, a component that was offered the events from the example above could use some of them as follows:

{
    use: [
        {
            protocol: "/svc/fuchsia.sys2.EventSource",
            from: "parent",
        },
        {
            event: "started",
            from: "parent",
        },
        {
            event: ["stopped", "destroyed"],
            from: "framework"
        }
        {
            event: "foo_bar_ready",
            from: "parent",
            filter: { path: "/foo" },
        }
    ]
}

Above, the component was offered started, stopped and foo_bar_ready. In this example, the component uses the started it was offered and foo_bar_ready but only for /foo capabilities, not /bar. Also, the component decided to not use the stopped event it was offered. Instead the component used the event from framework, which means that it will only see stopped and destroyed events for components in its own realm.