User guide for fx test

fx test is the developer entrypoint to run tests in a checkout of fuchsia.git.

This document provides a developer-oriented guide to using fx test for your in-tree testing.

Basic usage

To get started, simply run fx test:

fx test

This will do several things:

  1. Identify tests included in your current build.
  2. Select a subset of included tests based on selection criteria.
  3. Rebuild and republish those tests.
  4. Check that an appropriate Fuchsia device exists to run tests on.
  5. In parallel, start running tests on that device and provide status output.
  6. Write a log file describing the operations that occurred.

If you did not include any tests in your build, fx test will exit. Try fx set core.x64--with //src/diagnostics:tests on your fx set command line to include some tests as an example.

Basic concepts

fx test is a Test Executor, which means it ingests a list of available tests and is responsible for scheduling and observing their execution. The source of this data is tests.json.

Each test listed in tests.json is a Test Suite which may each contain any number of Test Cases. That is, a Test Suite is a single binary or Fuchsia Component, and it contains Test Cases which are defined in a way specific to each test framework (e.g. C++ TEST, Rust #[test], Python unittest.TestCase). Enumerating and executing on-device Test Cases is the responsibility of the Test Runner Framework.

Basic test selection

fx test supports selecting individual Test Suites using command line options. This allows you to include a large number of tests in your build and then only execute a subset of those tests.

Any non-flag argument to fx test is a selection that is fuzzy-matched against each test in the input:

fx test archivist --dry

By default, the following fields are searched:

Field Description
name The full name of the test. This is component URL for on-device tests and test binary path for host tests.
label The build label for the test. For example, //src/examples:my_test.
component name The name of the component manifest (excluding .cm) for on-device tests only.
package name The name of the Fuchsia package for on-device tests only.

You can select all tests below a directory in the source tree by listing the prefix:

fx test //src/diagnostics/tests --dry

By default all of the above fields are matched, but you can select specific fields using --package or --component:

fx test --package archivist_unittests --dry

By default, multiple selections on the command line implement an inclusive-OR operation. Test selection supports composite AND operations as follows:

fx test --package archivist --and unittests --dry

This command selects all tests where the package matches archivist and any field matches unittests.

If you know the exact name of the test you want to execute, you may use the --exact flag to select only that test:

fx test --exact fuchsia-pkg:// --dry

If no tests match your selection, fx test will try to heuristically match tests in your source checkout and suggest fx set arguments to include them:

$ fx test driver-tests --dry
For `driver-tests`, did you mean any of the following?

driver_tools_tests (91.67% similar)
    --with //src/devices/bin/driver_tools:driver_tools_tests
driver-runner-tests (90.96% similar)
    --with //src/devices/bin/driver_manager:driver-runner-tests
driver-inspect-test (90.96% similar)
    --with //src/devices/tests/driver-inspect-test:driver-inspect-test

You can then add the necessary packages to your build.

Configuration options

fx test is highly configurable, and a full list of options is available at fx test --help.

This section describes how configuration options are specified and what they mean. Configuration options are categorized as Utility, Build, Test Selection, Execution, or Output Options. They may be specified on the command line or in a configuration file.

Configuration file

All arguments for fx test are set on the command line, but defaults may be set per-user. If you place a file called .fxtestrc in your HOME directory, the arguments in that file will be the new defaults for future fx test invocations.

For example:

# ~/.fxtestrc
# Lines starting with "#" are comments and ignored.
# The below config roughly matches the behavior of the old Dart-based `fx test`.

# Default parallel to 1.
--parallel 1

# Disable status output.

The above file overrides the defaults for --parallel and --status flags, which normally default to 4 and false respectively. The new defaults may still be overridden on the command line when invoking fx test.

Utility options

Utility options change the overall behavior of fx test.

--dry performs a "dry-run." fx test will complete test selection, but will then simply print the list of selected test suites rather than executing any of them.

--list runs fx test in "list mode." Rather than executing tests, this command lists all test cases within each test suite. It outputs the appropriate command line to run each individual case. Note that this does require access to a Fuchsia device or emulator because cases are enumerated by Test Manager on device.

Build options

fx test builds and updates selected tests by default. This is useful when running fx -i test, which will detect changes to your source directory and re-invoke fx test following each file modification. Test rebuilding works as follows (with overrides listed inline).

  • All selected tests are rebuilt by calling fx build <targets> for each fx test invocation.
    • Use --[no-]build to toggle this behavior.
  • If selected tests are in the "base packages" for your build (specified using fx set --with-base), the updates package will be built and an OTA will be performed.
    • Use --[no-]updateifinbase to toggle this behavior.
    • Warning: OTA will fail when targeting an emulator.

Test selection options

The following options affect which tests are selected by fx test and how selections are applied.

--host and --device select only host or device tests respectively. This is a global setting and they cannot be combined.

--[no-]e2e controls whether to run end-to-end (E2E) tests. E2E tests are not run by default because they have the potential to put the device in an invalid state. --only-e2e implies --e2e, and ensures that only E2E tests are selected.

--package (-p) and --component (-c) select within package or component names respectively. Names preceded by neither select any test field. Multiple selections may be changed by --and (-a). For example:

fx test --package foo -a --component bar //src/other --and --package my-tests

The above command line contains two selection clauses:

  1. Package "foo" AND component "bar" (e.g. fuchsia-pkg://
  2. Package "my-tests" AND //src/other.

Tests matching either of the above clauses are selected.

Test selections are fuzzy-matched using a Damerau-Levenshtein distance of 3 by default (e.g. "my_tset" will match "my-test"). --fuzzy <N> can be used to override this value to N, where 0 means not to do fuzzy matching.

Suggestions are shown by default if no test matches a selection clause. The number of suggestions (default 6) can be overridden using --suggestions-count N, and suggestions can be disabled or enabled using --[no-]show-suggestions.

Execution options

Tests are executed in a specific way that maximizes throughput and stability, but each element of this default may be overridden. Tests are executed as follows (with overrides listed inline):

  • Each selected test is executed in the order they appear within tests.json
    • Use --random to randomize this execution order.
  • All selected tests are run, starting at the beginning of the ordered list above.
    • Use --offset N to skip N tests at the beginning of the list. Default is 0.
    • Use --limit N to run at most N tests from the offset. Default is no limit.
  • At most 4 tests may run in parallel, such that at most one of those tests is "non-hermetic" (as determined by test-list.json).
    • Use --parallel N to change this default. --parallel 1 means to execute each test serially.
  • Tests run until they terminate themselves.
    • Use --timeout N to wait at most N seconds per test.
  • Each test runs one time.
    • Use --count N to run each test N times.
  • All test cases are run from each test.
    • Use --test-filter to run only specifically named test cases.
  • Failed tests are recorded and execution continues with the next selected test.
    • Use --fail (-f) to terminate all tests following the first failure.
  • Tests that specify a maximum log level in tests.json will fail if logs at a higher severity are seen.
    • Use --[no-]restrict-logs to toggle this behavior.
  • Tests components themselves choose the minimum log severity to emit.
    • Use --min-severity-logs to override this minimum for all test components.
  • Test components are run using the Merkle root hash from build artifacts, which ensures that the latest version built was successfully pushed to the target and is being run.
    • Use --[no-]use-package-hash to toggle this behavior.
  • Test cases that are disabled are not run.
    • Use --also-run-disabled-tests to run disabled test cases anyway.
  • Test output logs contain only the last segment of the component moniker, so they are easier to visually inspect.
    • Use --[no-]show-full-moniker-in-logs to toggle this behavior.
  • Command line arguments to the test are completely controlled by test runners
    • Append -- to your arguments to pass remaining arguments verbatim to the test. For example: fx test foo -- --argument_for_test will pass --argument_for_test to the test itself.

Output options

fx test is intended for developer use cases and includes a simple terminal UI that displays the status of tests as they are executing. The default output behavior is as follows (with overrides listed inline):

  • A status display is shown at the bottom of the terminal, and it is automatically updated to show what operations are currently executing.
    • Use --[no-]status to toggle status display.
    • Use --status-lines N to change the number of status output lines.
    • Use --status-delay N to change the refresh rate (default is 0.033 or approximately 30hz). If your terminal is slow you may want to change this to 0.5 or 1.
  • Output is styled with ANSI terminal colors.
    • Use --[no-]style to toggle this behavior.
    • Use --simple as shorthand for --no-style --no-status.
  • Test outputs are only shown for tests that fail.
    • Use --output (-o) to show all test output (combine with --parallel 1 to prevent interleaving).
    • Use --no-output to hide output explicitly, such as to override --output set in config.
  • Logs are written to a timestamped .json.gz file under the build directory specified by fx status.
    • Use --[no-]log to toggle logging entirely.
    • Use --logpath to change the output path of the log.
  • Test artifacts are not streamed off of the device.
    • Use --ffx-output-directory to specify a directory where artifacts may be streamed in the ffx test output format.
  • Debug printing is suppressed.
    • Use --verbose (-v) to print debug information to the console. This data is extremely verbose, and is only useful to debug fx test itself.

Log Format

fx test is designed to support external tooling by representing every user-visible output as an "event" which is logged to a file during execution.

Log files are compressed using gzip. Each line of the decompressed file is a single JSON object representing one event. The event schema is currently defined in this Python file.

When the format is stabilized, it will be possible to build interactive viewers and converters to other formats (such as Build Event Protocol).