Create a child of a VM Object.
#include <zircon/syscalls.h> zx_status_t zx_vmo_create_child(zx_handle_t handle, uint32_t options, uint64_t offset, uint64_t size, zx_handle_t* out);
zx_vmo_create_child() creates a new virtual memory object (VMO) a child of
an existing vmo. The behavior of the semantics depends on the type of the child.
One handle is returned on success, representing an object with the requested size.
options must contain exactly one of the following flags to specify the child type:
ZX_VMO_CHILD_COPY_ON_WRITE - Create a copy-on-write clone. The cloned vmo will behave the same way the parent does, except that any write operation on the clone will bring in a copy of the page at the offset the write occurred. The new page in the cloned vmo is now a copy and may diverge from the parent. Any reads from ranges outside of the parent vmo's size will contain zeros, and writes will allocate new zero filled pages. A vmo which has pinned regions cannot be cloned. See the NOTES section below for details on VMO syscall interactions with clones. This flag may not be used for vmos created with
zx_vmo_create_physical()or descendants of such a vmo.
ZX_VMO_CHILD_SLICE - Create a slice that has direct read/write access into a section of the parent. All operations on the slice vmo behave as if they were done on the parent. A slice differs from a duplicate handle to the parent by allowing access to only a subrange of the parent vmo, and allowing for the ZX_VMO_ZERO_CHILDREN signal to be used. This flag may be used with vmos created with
zx_vmo_create_physical()and their descendants.
ZX_VMO_CHILD_PRIVATE_PAGER_COPY - Create a private copy of a pager vmo. The child vmo will behave the same way the parent does, except that any write operation on the child will bring in a copy of the page at the offset the write occurred into the child vmo. The new page in the child vmo is now a copy and may diverge from the parent. Any reads from ranges outside of the parent vmo's size will contain zeros, and writes will allocate new zero filled pages. See the NOTES section below for details on VMO syscall interactions with child. This flag is only supported for vmos created with
zx_pager_create_vmo()or descendants of such a vmo.
In addition, options can contain zero or more of the following flags to further specify the child's behavior:
ZX_VMO_CHILD_RESIZEABLE - Create a resizeable child VMO.
ZX_VMO_CHILD_NO_WRITE - Create a child that cannot be written to.
offset must be page aligned.
offset + size may not exceed the range of a 64bit unsigned value.
Both offset and size may start or extend beyond the original VMO's size.
The size of the VMO will be rounded up to the next page size boundary.
By default the rights of the child handled will be the same as the
original with a few exceptions. See
zx_vmo_create() for a
discussion of the details of each right.
In all cases if ZX_VMO_NO_WRITE is set then ZX_RIGHT_WRITE will be removed.
If options is ZX_VMO_CHILD_COPY_ON_WRITE or ZX_VMO_CHILD_PRIVATE_PAGER_COPY and ZX_VMO_CHILD_NO_WRITE is not set then ZX_RIGHT_WRITE will be added and ZX_RIGHT_EXECUTE will be removed.
Creating a child VMO causes the existing (source) VMO ZX_VMO_ZERO_CHILDREN signal to become inactive. Only when the last child is destroyed and no mappings of those child into address spaces exist, will ZX_VMO_ZERO_CHILDREN become active again.
Non-slice child vmos will interact with the VMO syscalls in the following ways:
- The COMMIT mode of
zx_vmo_op_range()on a child will commit pages into the child that have the same content as its parent's corresponding pages. If those pages are supplied by a pager, this operation will also commit those pages in the parent. Otherwise, if those pages are not comitted in the parent, zero-filled pages will be comitted directly into child, without affecting the parent.
- The DECOMMIT mode of
zx_vmo_op_range()is not supported.
handle must be of type ZX_OBJ_TYPE_VMO and have ZX_RIGHT_DUPLICATE and have ZX_RIGHT_READ.
zx_vmo_create_child() returns ZX_OK on success. In the event
of failure, a negative error value is returned.
ERR_BAD_TYPE Input handle is not a VMO.
ZX_ERR_ACCESS_DENIED Input handle does not have sufficient rights.
ZX_ERR_INVALID_ARGS out is an invalid pointer or NULL or the offset is not page aligned.
ZX_ERR_OUT_OF_RANGE offset + size is too large.
ZX_ERR_NO_MEMORY Failure due to lack of memory. There is no good way for userspace to handle this (unlikely) error. In a future build this error will no longer occur.
ERR_BAD_STATE A COW child could not be created because the vmo has some pinned pages.
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