Google celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month. See how.

Jobs

This document discsusses the concept of jobs in Fuchsia, specifically, how to use jobs and how jobs relate to processes.

Overview

In Fuchsia, jobs are a means of organizing, controlling, and regulating processes, which are the main consumers of resources within the operating system.

In Fuchsia, a job is a kernel object consisting of the following:

  • A reference to a parent job
  • A set of child jobs (each of which has this job as its parent)
  • A set of member processes
  • A set of policies

Jobs are containers of processes and other "child" jobs. Jobs are used to track privileges in order to perform kernel operations, such as making syscalls, tracking, and limiting basic resource (for example, memory and CPU) consumption. In Fuchsia, jobs propagate exceptions upwards along the job tree but apply policies and quotas in a top down manner. For more information, see Exception handling.

Each process can only have one job. All the jobs on a Fuchsia system form a tree, with every job belonging to a parent job, except for the root job, which is parentless.

The root job is created by the kernel at boot and passed to userboot. This is the first userspace process to begin execution.

Jobs and processes

A Zircon process is an instance of a program in the traditional sense, which is, a set of instructions that are executed by one or more threads, along with a collection of resources. zx_process_create() creates a new process within a job. The thread is not executed until zx_process_start() is called.

A job may be used to terminate, get exceptions from, or debug a child process. To create a process you have to pass a job to zx_process_create(). In Fuchsia, a process cannot allocate memory or communicate without being explicitly granted resources necessary to do so.

Setting job policies

A security policy, resource policy, or both may be set on an empty job. The job's effective policies are the combination of the parent's effective policies and the policies specified in the job policy.

The zx_job_set_policy() system call sets job security and resource policies to an empty job. After this call succeeds any new child process or child job has the new effective policy applied to it.