Netstack3 - A Fuchsia owned rust based netstack

  • Authors:,
  • Project lead:
  • Area(s): Connectivity

Problem statement

The current netstack is written in Go which is not an approved language (and is garbage collected) and is owned by the gVisor team who have different priorities, use cases and design goals than Fuchsia. The gVisor netstack was not originally designed to run on real devices, operate as a router or support dynamic configurations; Fuchsia on the other hand does run on real devices, operates as a router and depends on dynamic configurations (gVisor originally didn't expect addresses, routes, network interfaces or their link status to change at runtime).

Solution statement

By developing a netstack that the Fuchsia team owns, we can design with Fuchsia's goals in mind without having to depend on another team and work around their use cases and restrictions. The Fuchsia Netstack team will design and implement a Rust-based netstack that achieves functional parity with the existing netstack, while leveraging the type and memory safety of rust.


All users and components should be unaware of the netstack switching underneath them.

Risks and mitigations


  • The netstack is extremely load bearing as all workflows and product use cases depend on network connectivity.
  • Interoperability with netstacks on other platforms (Linux, BSD, Windows, etc.).
  • Performance risks. We still can't estimate N3 performance to validate we're at parity.
  • Posix compatibility.


  • Use industry standard tools/partners to ensure RFC compliance and interoperability (IxANVL, INTACT, NOVUS labs, etc.).
  • Leverage netstack and platform independent tests to test Netstack3 with the behaviour of the existing netstack and Linux.
  • Measure performance of the Netstack 3 during its iterative development.
  • Phased migration into Netstack3 with a plan to start running current CI workloads as soon as Netstack3 is capable. In addition, transition eng/dev targets to Netstack3 before product targets.

The netstack team has been planning for how to reliably test Netstack3 and ensure parity with the existing netstack to avoid regressions when a switch is made; the above mitigations are examples of what the team is currently doing. IxANVL and INTACT tooling do not make assumptions about the underlying netstack implementation and the tests mentioned above can be updated to also run on Netstack3 once it is ready.