Bind Library Guidelines

Fuchsia namespace and scope

All bind libraries defined in the Fuchsia tree (fuchsia.git) must follow these rules for the namespace:

  • If the bind library is used for internal testing and excluded from the SDK, the top-level namespace must be test
  • Otherwise, the top-level namespace must be fuchsia. This signals that the bind libraries are part of the open-source Fuchsia project.

Bind library scope

Bind libraries should scoped by one of the following:

  • Vendor platform
  • Hardware functionality
  • Deprecated Banjo protocol

Vendor platform

Bind libraries scoped by a vendor platform define properties that are associated with hardware from the vendor. For example, a vendor such as Amlogic has their own database of product IDs (PID) that they maintain.

At a high level, the bind library’s namespace should follow the format:


Bind libraries can be scoped down further by specific hardware or functionality through namespace nesting. For instance, a high level bind library for Amlogic hardware would have the namespace fuchsia.amlogic.platform.

If we want a bind library for the Amlogic Meson lineup, we can define it in the fuchsia.amlogic.platform.meson namespace. If we want a bind library for Amlogic hardware with display functionality, we can define it in the namespace fuchsia.amlogic.platform.display.

Hardware functionality

Bind libraries that’s scoped by hardware functionality contain properties related to the functionality. The namespace should follow the format:

fuchsia.<hardware function>

These bind libraries are considered to be high level and generic. As such the properties can be extended by any vendor platform bind libraries.

The hardware functionality namespace can be divided to more specific bind libraries through nesting. For example, the fuchsia.usb bind library contains high level properties for USB devices. If we want to define properties specific to USB mass storage devices, we can define them in a fuchsia.usb.massstorage bind library.

Deprecated Banjo protocol

Bind libraries scoped by Banjo protocols contain properties that represent the devices implementing the protocol. These libraries are established due to legacy code and should be phased out into hardware functionality scoped libraries.


Namespace components

Each component of the name is in lowercase and must match the regular expression [a-z][a-z0-9]*.

Property keys and values

Prefer screaming snake case for the property keys and values. This improves the readability for the generated constants in the language bindings.

For example, given the following bind library

library fuchsia.input;


The following constants are generated:


// WARNING: This file is machine generated by bindc.


#include <string>

namespace bind_fuchsia_input {

static const std::string DEVICE_CATEGORY = "fuchsia.input.DEVICE_CATEGORY";
static const std::string DEVICE_CATEGORY_KEYBOARD = "fuchsia.input.DEVICE_CATEGORY.KEYBOARD";
static const std::string DEVICE_CATEGORY_MOUSE = "fuchsia.input.DEVICE_CATEGORY.MOUSE";

}  // namespace bind_fuchsia_input



// WARNING: This file is machine generated by bindc.

pub const DEVICE_CATEGORY: &str = "fuchsia.example.library.DeviceCategory";
pub const DEVICE_CATEGORY_MOUSE: &str =


Prefer enum types over string for bound sets

Enum types are preferred for properties with a limited set of values that are statically known. For example, fuchsia.hardware.gpio.FUNCTION property is more suitable as an enum type because the set of functionality is known statically for each board.

In a scenario where it’s possible that new values need to be added to the property, using enum may still be preferable. The property values can scale by extending the property from a new bind library.

If the property values are flexible with a wide range, then string types are preferred. One example is the ACPI HID value, which is a character string that identifies the manufacturer of the device and the specific device manufactured by the vendor (ex/ "PRP0001").

Use integer values for external registries

Integer values are more appropriate for properties that represent number-based values maintained externally by a well known registry, such as the vendor IDs in the PCI ID registry and the class codes in the USB registry.

Avoid adding new properties to the legacy bind library

Legacy properties are defined in the fuchsia bind library and binding_priv.h. Since these properties are deprecated and are in the process of being phased out, avoid adding any new properties to them as much as possible.

Extending properties

Bind libraries should only extend properties from other bind libraries that are higher up in its namespace or from libraries that are scoped by hardware functionality.

If the bind library is scoped by hardware functionality, then it should only extend from the bind libraries higher up in its namespace. For example, the bind library can only extend properties from the fuchsia.usb and fuchsia bind library.

Vendor platform bind libraries can extend from any hardware functionality bind libraries.

Extending from legacy properties

The legacy fuchsia bind library is at the highest level. All bind libraries can extend from it. However, since these properties are deprecated, we should avoid extending the properties and favor introducing new properties instead.