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Running the Rust test suite on Fuchsia

This guide details the process for running the Rust compiler test suite on an emulated Fuchsia image.

Prerequisites

Before running the Rust test suite on Fuchsia, you'll need to build a custom Rust toolchain for Fuchsia. Building a Fuchsia image is not required for running the test suite.

Running the Rust test suite

  1. (Optional) Set a custom temporary directory:

    export TEST_TOOLCHAIN_TMP_DIR=TEMP_DIR
    

    If a temporary directory isn't set, then it will be named tmp~ and will be created next to rust_toolchain.py. If you use a custom temporary directory, you'll need to set TEST_TOOLCHAIN_TMP_DIR to the same path in every shell that you use to interact with that same test environment.

    You can set TEST_TOOLCHAIN_TMP_DIR to different values in different shells to manage multiple test environments simultaneously.

  2. Start the testing environment:

    DEV_ROOT=DEV_ROOT
    TEST_TOOLCHAIN=$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/test_toolchain.py
    python3 $TEST_TOOLCHAIN start \
      --rust $DEV_ROOT/rust/install/fuchsia-rust \
      --sdk $DEV_ROOT/sdk \
      --target-arch x64|arm64
    
  3. Run the rust test suite:

    DEV_ROOT=DEV_ROOT
    TEST_TOOLCHAIN=$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/test_toolchain.py
    ( \
      source $DEV_ROOT/rust/fuchsia-env.sh && \
      $DEV_ROOT/rust/x.py \
        --config $DEV_ROOT/rust/fuchsia-config.toml \
        --stage=2 \
        test TEST_SUITE \
        --target x86_64|aarch64-fuchsia \
        --run=always \
        --jobs 1 \
        --test-args "
             --target-panic=abort
             --remote-test-client $TEST_TOOLCHAIN
             --target-rustcflags -L
             --target-rustcflags $DEV_ROOT/sdk/arch/x64|a64/lib
             --target-rustcflags -L
             --target-rustcflags $DEV_ROOT/sdk/arch/x64|a64/sysroot/lib
             --target-rustcflags -Cpanic=abort
             --target-rustcflags -Zpanic_abort_tests
         " \
    )
    

    The test results will be printed to standard output.

  4. Stop the testing environment:

    DEV_ROOT=DEV_ROOT
    TEST_TOOLCHAIN=$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/test_toolchain.py
    python3 $TEST_TOOLCHAIN stop
    

Investigating test failures

Running the test suite produces many logs and other artifacts to aid in investigating failing test suite tests. These can be dumped to standard output during test_toolchain.py stop if the --verbose flag was used to start the testing environment.

Path Description
emulator_log Logs from the running emulator. This will typically contain detailed information about why tests crashed or failed to start.
ffx_daemon_log Logs from the running ffx daemon.
package_server_log Logs from the running pm server.
test_env.json The configuration settings for the test environment. This can be useful for locating specific details like the libstd and libtest being used, or the address of the emulator.
vdl_output The launched device proto.
ffx_isolate The isolation environment for ffx. The ffx configuration settings can be found in here.
output The raw output from ffx test for each test suite test. Each test directory contains all of the details ffx received about the test execution. These can be useful for finding relevant sections for specific tests in emulator_log.
packages The package stages for each test.
rust-testing The repository serving directory.
ssh The SSH keys that the test runner uses to access the running emulator. These can be used to log into the emulator with ssh -i ssh/fuchsia_ed25519 EMULATOR_ADDRESS. The emulator address can be located in test_env.json.

Debugging test failures

  1. Read the standard output and error from the test. This can be found in the output directory for the test, and will additionally be reported by compiletest.
  2. Examine the detailed emulator logs. These can be found in emulator_log by searching for the name of the test that matches the name of the output directory.
  3. Debug the test with zxdb. You can easily attach to a test by running:

    DEV_ROOT=DEV_ROOT
    TEST_TOOLCHAIN=$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/test_toolchain.py
    python3 $TEST_TOOLCHAIN debug \
      --rust-src RUST_SRC \
      --test TEST_PATH
    

    Then set any relevant breakpoints and run the test with:

     ( \
      source $DEV_ROOT/rust/fuchsia-env.sh && \
      $DEV_ROOT/rust/x.py \
        --config $DEV_ROOT/rust/fuchsia-config.toml \
        --stage=2 \
        test TEST_SUITE \
        --target x86_64|aarch64-fuchsia \
        --run=always \
        --jobs 1 \
        --test-args "
             --target-panic=abort
             --remote-test-client $TEST_TOOLCHAIN
             --target-rustcflags -L
             --target-rustcflags $DEV_ROOT/sdk/arch/x64|a64/lib
             --target-rustcflags -L
             --target-rustcflags $DEV_ROOT/sdk/arch/x64|a64/sysroot/lib
             --target-rustcflags -Cpanic=abort
             --target-rustcflags -Zpanic_abort_tests
         " \
         --rustc-args "
             -Cdebuginfo=2
             -Copt-level=0
             -Cstrip=none
        " \
     )
    

    And zxdb will catch any crashes and break at any breakpoints you define. This command is the same as the one above with the additional -C debuginfo=2 -C opt-level=0 flags for debugging.

Tips

To tighten your iteration loop, you can run x.py test with the -vv argument to have compiletest print the exact commands it runs along the way. You can quickly rerun a single test by running the compiletest invocation printed immediately before the test is run.