This guide explains how to build a Rust compiler for use with the Fuchsia. This is useful if you need to build Fuchsia with a patched compiler, or a compiler built with custom options. Building a custom Rust toolchain is not always necessary for building Fuchsia with a different version of Rust; see Build Fuchsia with a custom Rust toolchain for details.
Prior to building a custom Rust toolchain for Fuchsia, you need to do the following:
Run the following command to install cmake:
sudo apt-get install cmake ninja-build
Run the following command to obtain the infra sources:
DEV_ROOT=DEV_ROOT # parent of your Rust directory mkdir -p $DEV_ROOT/infra && \ ( \ builtin cd $DEV_ROOT/infra && \ jiri init && \ jiri import -overwrite -name=fuchsia/manifest infra \ https://fuchsia.googlesource.com/manifest && \ jiri update \ )
Download and extract the Fuchsia core IDK to
$DEV_ROOT/sdk. For more information, see Download the Fuchsia IDK.
Run the following command to use
cipdto get the linux
sysrootpackage for your host platform:
# You may want to: rm -rf $DEV_ROOT/sysroot mkdir -p $DEV_ROOT/sysroot cipd install fuchsia/third_party/sysroot/linux latest -root $DEV_ROOT/sysroot/linux
If you haven't already, clone the Rust source. The Guide to Rustc Development is a good resource to reference whenever you're working on the compiler.
git clone https://github.com/rust-lang/rust.git $DEV_ROOT/rust
Configure Rust for Fuchsia
- Change into your Rust directory.
Run the following command to generate a configuration for the Rust toolchain:
$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/prebuilt/tools/vpython \ $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/generate_config.py \ config_toml \ --clang-prefix=$DEV_ROOT/fuchsia/prebuilt/third_party/clang/linux-x64 \ --host-sysroot=$DEV_ROOT/sysroot/linux \ --prefix=$(pwd)/install/fuchsia-rust \ | tee fuchsia-config.toml
$DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/prebuilt/tools/vpython \ $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/generate_config.py \ environment \ --eval \ --clang-prefix=$DEV_ROOT/fuchsia/prebuilt/third_party/clang/linux-x64 \ --sdk-dir=$DEV_ROOT/sdk \ --linux-amd64-sysroot=$DEV_ROOT/sysroot/linux \ --linux-arm64-sysroot=$DEV_ROOT/sysroot/linux \ | tee fuchsia-env.sh
(Optional) Run the following command to tell git to ignore the generated files:
echo fuchsia-config.toml >> .git/info/exclude echo fuchsia-env.sh >> .git/info/exclude
Build and install Rust
- Change into your Rust source directory.
Run the following command to build and install Rust plus the Fuchsia runtimes spec:
rm -rf install/fuchsia-rust mkdir -p install/fuchsia-rust
# Copy and paste the following subshell to build and install Rust, as needed. # The subshell avoids polluting your environment with fuchsia-specific rust settings. ( source fuchsia-env.sh && ./x.py install --config fuchsia-config.toml ) && \ rm -rf install/fuchsia-rust/lib/.build-id && \ $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/prebuilt/tools/vpython \ $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipes/contrib/rust_toolchain.resources/generate_config.py \ runtime \ | $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/prebuilt/tools/vpython \ $DEV_ROOT/infra/fuchsia/recipes/recipe_modules/toolchain/resources/runtimes.py \ --dir install/fuchsia-rust/lib \ --readelf fuchsia-build/*/llvm/bin/llvm-readelf \ --objcopy fuchsia-build/*/llvm/bin/llvm-objcopy \ > install/fuchsia-rust/lib/runtime.json
Build only (optional)
If you want to skip the install step, for instance during development of Rust itself, you can do so with the following command.
( source fuchsia-env.sh && ./x.py build --config fuchsia-config.toml )
If you are getting build errors, try deleting the Rust build directory:
rm -rf fuchsia-build
Then re-run the command to build Rust.
Building Fuchsia with a custom Rust toolchain
With a newly compiled custom Rust toolchain, you're ready to use it to build Fuchsia. Directions on how to do so are available in a dedicated guide.